A failure of gaseous exchange
Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is the permanent inability of the respiratory system to oxygenate the blood and/or remove carbon dioxide. It may be the result of a lack of airflow, and therefore the circulation of air through the lungs, or malfunctions in the pulmonary tissues resulting in a reduction of gaseous exchange between air and blood.
The most frequent causes of chronic respiratory failure are:
Chronic respiratory failure impairs daily life as a result of:
Impaired quality of life and loss of independence
CRF is sometimes complicated by severe aggravation of respiratory symptoms, resulting in impaired quality of life and loss of independence. Such episodes are serious and can be life threatening.
In addition to specific treatment for the underlying disease, CRF can benefit from long-term home respiratory assistance. Two services may be provided for this purpose1-3:
CRF is often associated with anxiety or depression, both of which must be taken into consideration by the physician and care teams.
Air Liquide Healthcare introduced home healthcare in Europe more than 30 years ago by providing support for chronic respiratory failure patients returning home from hospital.
More motivated than ever by the goal of improving patient quality of life and independence, Air Liquide Healthcare provides patients with the full range of medical respiratory assistance equipment in their own homes as part of its contribution to ensuring continuity of treatment in complete safety.
Improving patient quality of life and independence
CRF patients are encouraged to play an active role in the treatment of their illness through:
Once available only in hospitals, respiratory assistance can now be provided effectively and safely in the home.